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The first photograph was an image produced in 1826 by Nicéphore Niépce on a
polished pewter plate covered with a petroleum derivative called bitumen of Judea.
Produced with a camera, this image required an eight-hour exposure in bright sunshine. Niépce later switched from pewter to copper plates and from bitumen to silver chloride. French painter Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre continued Niépce’s pioneering work and in 1839, after Niépce's death, announced an improved version of the process, which he called the daguerreotype.

Early photography in the form of daguerreotypes did not use film at all. Eastman Kodak developed the first flexible photographic film in 1885, which was coated on paper and the first transparent plastic film was produced in 1889. The first photographic film was made from highly flammable nitrocellulose with camphor as a plasticizer (celluloid). Beginning in the 1920s, nitrate film was replaced with cellulose acetate or "safety film".

The Gelatin-silver process was introduced in 1871. This is the photographic process used with currently available black and white films and printing papers.
Almost all black & white photography is now taken on negative film to produce prints. Black and white films can be processed specially to produce slides, but most films contain dyes in the film base that reduce its transparency and may leave a slight color.

Black and white films are, in the main panchromatic, which means that they are equally sensitive to light across the spectrum. Orthochromatic film is sensitive to the blue end of the spectrum, Infrared film it’s a panchromatic film which has sensitivity skewed to the red end of the spectrum.

The first fully practical color film, Autochrome, did not reach the market until 1907. It was based on a screen-plate method, that lets filtered red, green or blue light through each grain to a photographic film in contact with it. Color films are generally sensitive to the whole of the range of visible light, however some films are balanced for specific lighting conditions (daylight film/ tungsten film).

The earliest practical method using a 'subtractive' method was the Kodachrome process, which produced much brighter color transparencies. Kodachrome, Ektachrome, Fujichrome, and Agfachrome are examples of films that produce 35-millimeter slides and larger transparencies. Both daylight and tungsten versions of these films are generally available.

Instant film is a photographic film that is designed to be used in an instant camera. The film pack contains the chemicals needed for developing, and the instant camera automatically initiates the developing process after a photograph has been taken.

[See also POLAROID :New Film: SX70 Blend, POLA-VORITES: Endangered Species & Film, Still Viable?].


   my baby growing ... by cweeks   melissa by DanPete
A Past-tense Connection by DreamingInTheTheatre   lisa,the smoker and flying boy by lloydhughes   fly me to the moon by morze
the birdbowl by misspaperclip   N_winter by frida-vl   point of view by strychnina
room III by ThreeLibras     from dust till dawn by gaiakiyarae
talk to winds by wasted-photos   olita by bubble-gum-heart   nastja by wasted-photos


Flowers by UnfinishedSympathy   all things tracked by guost by frida-vl  
whatnot by optical-flare   threesome by veca  :thumb48248736:
:thumb50190723:   20 reasons to by unda  :thumb42655363:  
:thumb43409928:  :thumb35773590:  :thumb35604974:
By the pond by riotstar   very busy in autumn by strychnina  :thumb41746918:


floating on a sea of envy by lloydhughes   with love by bright-white-kite   Boy in gold sweater by photoart1
comptine d.un autre ete by morze  :thumb38759316:  :thumb21699386:
thunderstorms by bright-white-kite   comedownnow,,, but we'll stay by afternoon-tea  
good morning by Santina   Holga 20 by Valimar  :thumb42103772:
mmm. by AnBystrowska   sitting together 1 by lloydhughes   elen by Santina


Polaroid 8 _ Old Sky by oxigenium   l'oiseau. by moumine-polaroid  :thumb45475927:  
summer by prismopola  :thumb43905332:   Still Life with Apricots by intao
golden berries by bluecitrusart    
unpredicted poppy by ashveenp   frangipani by bangia   retroperspective by industrienormal
polaroid - balancing act by mr-amateur  :thumb38832134:   Sandy Feets by l07347967


The darkroom is the workspace where photographers use light-sensitive materials to develop film and paper to make photographic prints. Darkrooms have been used since the late 19th century for black and white photography but due to the complexity of processing colour film, and to the rise, first of Polaroid and later digital photography, darkrooms are decreasing in popularity.

[See also The Golden Mean: Saving Darkroom *concerning deviantART darkroom category].

:thumb42545498:  :thumb41638945:  :thumb43124620:
Ogryzek by tju-tjuu   Earth Times Three by equivoque   Floating Venus by equivoque
still rain fell by HealYourself   Dark sky by Kimbell   just imagine by leia856
First Darkroom Print by ohhhsunshine   023 by twistoffate05   no fire by deim
leave the day free by HealYourself   I duno by blueberrycarrie     Twin Towers, NYC by BaddogLtd


Contact by flizZ  :thumb42057944:   Contact Print 2 by SuperSeniorPS1 contact print by swallowingwords

Katiana by pinkmingo   Karine and I by michellenino    Contrast Sabattier by Hiver71 balcony by Rabbi-Killifish
now-i-no by LovingApathy   Dead Roses Are... Beautiful by GypsyWings   Out of the Village... by GypsyWings

Pos Neg Thistle by graphixaddict photogram 1 by fightingfalcon Photogram 2 by panda-pie photogram 3 by fightingfalcon
Photogram 2 by kngr721   exp2 by YasWaddah   Photogram by Wam

*Photograms are photographic images made without film [or cameras], y placing objects directly onto the surface of a photo-sensitive material such as photographic paper and then exposing it to light.

Ansel Adams once wrote "[…] In my mind’s eye I saw [with reasonable completeness] the final image as made with the red filter. I can still recall the excitement of seeing the visualization 'come true' when I removed the plate from the fixing bath for examination. The desired values were all there in their beautiful negative interpretation. This was one of the most exciting moments of my photographic career."

How will we able to experience that excitement or have the ability to visualize a photograph that’s still not visible to our eyes if films and darkrooms cease to exist?


The Darkroom Project . Instructions for setting up a darkroom in your home.
How to Develop Black and White Film . Black & white film processing: The twelve-step program. By Mason Resnick.
Daguerreotype to Digital . A brief history of the photographic process.
Alternative Processes . Historical photographic methods in use today.
Solarization Demystified . Historical, artistic and technical aspects of the Sabattier Effect. By William L. Jolly.
Zone System . A simplified Zone System. By Norman Koren.
Infrared Photography . Popular myths on Infrared Photography.
PaperCams . Handmade Pinhole Paper Cameras. By Thomas Hudson Reeve.
ILFORD Products | KODAK Professional Films | FUJIFILM Professional Film | FUJIFILM Consumer Film | AGFA Products | Polaroid | Zenit | <a…>HOYA Lenses</a> . Cameras, film and paper products.
Photography Timeline . The history of photography, sorted by date.
Why? [ We photograph ] | Thwaap... an ode to the Leica | Seeing . Articles by Chris Weeks.
Analog Photography Users Group . An international community devoted to traditional photographic processes.
Photography Forums . at DevART.


The Camera | The Negative | The Print . By Ansel Adams.
Examples: The Making of 40 Photographs . By Ansel Adams.
Zone System for 35mm Photographers: A Basic Guide to Exposure Control . By Carson Graves.
The Darkroom Cookbook . By Steve Anchell.
Historic Photographic Processes: A Guide to Creating Handmade Photographic Images . By Richard Farber.
The Art of Infrared Photography . By Joseph Paduano.
Photographer's Guide to Polaroid Transfer: Step-By-Step . By Christopher Grey.


AnalogPhotographers | film-photography | Film-Negatives | HASSELBLADclub | GoPolaroid | holga | ZenitUsers | toy-camera

Add a Comment:
gustideanzy Featured By Owner Dec 21, 2009
cool article
pramit-dabadi Featured By Owner Apr 7, 2009
Superb rounding up of all interesting aspects of film photography.The feeling produced by using a film camera can never be produced by a digital.Even though i use digital now,my breakthrough in photography was started with film.The pictures in the article are in a sense godlike in themselves.I really appreciate you putting your time in this subject.
rozaza Featured By Owner Aug 25, 2008
I LOVE it! :]
khpouros Featured By Owner Jun 16, 2008  Hobbyist Photographer
tijeras Featured By Owner Mar 26, 2008
Great selection! Every photo has something in it.
PhotoPask Featured By Owner Aug 10, 2007
Congratulations, great work!
I love it...

Bye, ~PhotoPask
cantecdedragoste Featured By Owner Aug 7, 2007
TheDeanMachine Featured By Owner Jun 3, 2007
fantastic selection ! :D
BlindWorld Featured By Owner Jun 2, 2007  Professional Photographer
I've always had a passion for Film... and I just ordered today a new Nikon FM10:) Im going to go with the black and white film for now.. to get the balancing down and then maybe a little more color.

Great article:clap:
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2007
i have the same camera (:

good luck with your pictures!
BlindWorld Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2007  Professional Photographer
Thank you and they will be showing up soon:)
Hendro Featured By Owner May 31, 2007
I love this articel.
Gave me passion to film photography.
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2007
i'm glad it did! :D
SENIL07 Featured By Owner May 4, 2007
loool i can'T faV theM alL!++
Nachin Featured By Owner Mar 29, 2007
vi por ahí que te hablaron en castellano, lo cual me favorece muchisimo a la hora de comentar =P

Me gustó mucho el artículo, sobre todo las fotos que posteaste, una linda elección :)
Hay tanta gente que no entiende el por qué del rollo cuando está la cámara digital, que quizás un par más de estos artículos los ayuden a entender.
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 30, 2007
muchas gracias, me alegro que te haya gustado... me diverti mucho haciendo este articulo y lo mas probable es que haga uno nuevo mas adelante.. si el tiempo me lo permite :aww:
coolbites Featured By Owner Mar 28, 2007   Photographer
thank you very much :)
Valdoo Featured By Owner Mar 26, 2007
very good!
little-row-boat Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2007   Writer
thanks :)
norah-m Featured By Owner Mar 22, 2007
amazing !
LuPY Featured By Owner Mar 22, 2007
Wow, se nota q te organizaste mucho, muy completo en verdad!
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2007
gracias linda! me llevo dos semanas casi juntar todo eso :aww:
moumine-polaroid Featured By Owner Mar 21, 2007   Photographer
sténopés : [link]

afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 22, 2007
great to know, thank you! :}
ZenitUsers Featured By Owner Mar 21, 2007   Photographer
great news!
UFUKNAYMAN Featured By Owner Mar 20, 2007  Professional Digital Artist
nice combine
Leishy Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007
Awesome article, it's nice to see so many examples of classic photography, I do so love the sabattier's and the photograms! :D
veca Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007
you've made a great educational article undeed! specialy for all the people on DA who thinks that digital is beginig and ending of the photography in general.thank you for your effort :herat:
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007
thank you and your welcome ;}
bright-white-kite Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007   Photographer
thank you for the feature, lots of great choices...and wonderful article!
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007
your gallery is lovely, you were one of my first choices for this article (:

and thank you
czarne-witraze Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007
wow, this article is amazing :heart:
bluecitrusart Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007
fantastic work on your part!!!! great images and thank you! very honored :)
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007
thank you (:
Sulejman Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007  Hobbyist Photographer
Thank You for Sharing! :nod:
MartinLundsvoll Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007  Professional Photographer
Very nice article! Well written and some pretty interesting stuff in there :)
undertherainof60s Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007   Photographer
film photography is the greatest way of photography.all the digital modern technologies can't replace the magic of films.
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007
couldn't agree more :}
andreagoth Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007  Hobbyist Photographer
amazing! I'm a film photographer myself. Thats just amazing!
trystianity Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2007
Wow! Great article, well written, informative and I love the featured artwork.
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007
thank you :heart:
ohhhsunshine Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2007
I feel honored to be a part of this :)!!!
hchansen Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2007
Nibeesh Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2007   Photographer
Photograms/rayographs are exactly why the darkroom option should stay :/ It's truly all in the technique when it comes to those. Silver prints too.

Wonderful selections! Always glad to see more film in the news~
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 19, 2007
i might do a second one.. don't know yet (:
blueberrycarrie Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2007
Thanks for the feature... great article!
comfortablesilence Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2007
oh, thank you very much for adding mine in this, it came out amazing :heart:
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2007
my pleasure :aww:
suetlilanglz Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2007
Wow, this is a fantastically written article! Thank you so much for taking the time to compile such diverse features. Your selections are wonderful and the way you've supported them with relevant information and links really makes this article extraordinary. Kudos.
afternoon-tea Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2007
thank you very much :}
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Submitted on
March 18, 2007


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